Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Chemical Class:
Nitazoxanide is a synthetic nitrothiazolyl-salicylamide derivative and an antiprotozoal agent
This is a prospective randomized two-arm 14-day, early bactericidal activity study in treatment-naive, drug-susceptible patients with uncomplicated pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). The study will be conducted at the GHESKIO Centers in Port au Prince Haiti. Twenty patients will be randomized to receive NTZ 1 gram orally twice daily for 14 days. Ten patients will be randomized as positive controls to receive standard 4 drug tuberculosis therapy with isoniazid (H), rifampin (R), ethambutol (E), and pyrazinamide (PZA). Patients' sputum will be collected before and then every two days during 14 days of treatment, and the primary endpoint will be the change in the number of M. tuberculosis in patients' sputum. Our primary hypothesis is that NTZ will result in a significant decrease in the number of M. tuberculosis in sputum during14 days of treatment. The number of M. tuberculosis will be quantified by the time to positive (TTP) signal in hours in an automated liquid media culture system (BACTEC MGIT 960, Becton Dickinson).